World Maps: 11 different projections to represent Earth

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7/ Lambert conformal conic projection – 1772

The Lambert projection is a representation of the globe that was created by Johann Heinrich Lambert a Mathematician from Alsace.  This projection system has circular arcs focused on the convergence point of meridians.  This world map was widely used by the French artillery during the First World War so that they could organise their shots. This map officially represents Metropolitan France.

cartographie du monde Lambert
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8/ Werner projection – 1500

This heart shaped World Map is pseudo-conical and represents equal areas.This codiform map was created by Johannes Werner, a German cartographer. We can observe the respect of the scales along the central meridian and along each parallel

cartographie du monde Werner
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9/ Goode projection – 1923

John Paul Goode’s world map is pseudo-cylindric and has equal areas.  This map is generally used to recreate a planisphere and illustrate the distribution of spacial phenomenons.

cartographie du monde Goode
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10/ Collignon projection – 1865

This type of map was created by Edouard Colligon in 1865 and presents a pseudo cylindric globe with a equal surface.

cartographie du monde Collignon
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11/ Bottomley projection – 2003

This projection introduced by Henry Bottomley shows the latitude lines in elliptic arcs centered on the north pole.  Only the central meridian has undistorted shapes. This world map aims to reduce the extent of extreme distortion on the edges and to represent the shape of the globe more generally.

cartographie du monde Bottomley
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Source: École Nationale Supérieure Maritime

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